Antal rs:

A budapesti metrhlzat vegyi terrortmads elleni felkszltsgnek vizsglata az 1995-s tokii mernylet tkrben...

Absztrakt

A tokii metrban 1995-ben, mrgez anyagokkal vgrehajtott terrortmads rendkvl slyos kvetkezmnyei felhvtk a vilg figyelmt a kzssgi kzlekedsi rendszerek j tpus fenyegetettsgre s sebezhetsgre. A japn rendvdelmi szervek felkszletlensgbl ered hibk s hinyossgok egyttesen vezetettek a hallos ldozatok s mrgezst szenvedk magas szmhoz. Haznk nem tartozik a magas terrorfenyegetettsggel br llamok kz, azonban a metrhlzatok sebezhetsgbl ered slyos vrhat kvetkezmnyek miatt a kockzat szmottev, amellett, hogy a megelz intzkedsek elmaradsa fokozhatn a tmadsok valsznsgt is. Jelen tanulmny vizsglja a budapesti metrhlzat vegyi tmads elleni vdettsgt s a felkszls mrtkt az 1995-s tokii metrtmads kvetkezmnyeinek tapasztalatai alapjn s rvilgt azon terletekre, ahol tovbbi intzkedsek szksgesek a biztonsg fokozsa rdekben, valamint bemutatja azon korszer technolgiai megoldsokat, amelyekkel a vegyi tmadsok idben lokalizlhatak.

The extremely grave consequences of the terrorist attack carried out in the Tokyo subway system in 1995 involving toxic chemicals revealed the vulnerability and new type of threat of public transport systems all over the world. Mistakes originated from the unpreparedness of Japanese authorities caused high number of deaths and casualties. Our country does not belong to the highly threatened nations; although the prospective effects and consequences of an attack mean high risk besides the fact that the failure of preventive measures can raise the probability of terrorist threats. This study analyses the level of preparedness and the protection of Budapests subway system against chemical attacks on the bases of the experiences of the Tokyo incident occurred in 1995. On the other hand, it reveals those fields where further measures are necessary in order to enhance the level of security and introduces modern solutions for the accurate and fast localization of chemical attacks.

Kulcsszavak: Toki, szarin, szellz, vhely, vegyi felderts ~ Tokyo, sarin gas, ventilating, shelter, chemical reconnaissance

 

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