Kovcshzy Mikls:

Mikor kerk, mikor lnctalp?...

Absztrakt

Mr az els vilghbor elejn megjelentek egymssal prhuzamosan a csatatereken teherautk, szemlyautk megerstett alvzra, illetve hernytalpas vontatkra rgztett - a gyalogsgi lvedkek s repeszek ellen vd - zrt, pncllemez felptmny, gppuskkkal, gykkal felszerelt harcjrmvek. Feladatuk a gyalogsg tmogatsa, tzfszkek megsemmistse s az ttrs kierszakolsa volt. A korai, terepen esetlen mozgs, lass lnctalpasok mellett a sokszor nehezen jrhatv vl utakon a gyors pnclautk j terepjr-kpessgnek ignye is felmerlt. A mozgkonysguk javtsa cljbl tbb megolds szletett. Megnveltk a hajtott tengelyek (kerekek) szmt, le- s felszerelhet lnctalpakat illesztettek a kerekes futmhz, illetve a kt megolds tvzeteknt ltrehoztk a fl-lnctalpas kialaktst. Mind a kerekes, mind a lnctalpas pnclozott jrmvek napjaink hadseregeiben is megtallhatak. Vajon mi lehet az oka annak, hogy a kt, egymstl eltr felpts jrmcsald fejldse folyamatos? A kerekes, vagy a lnctalpas jrmveknek nagyobb a mozgkonysga? Melyik a gazdasgosabb? Melyik kialakts illeszkedik jobban a modern hbork kvetelmnyeihez? Tanulmnyomban ezekre a krdsekre keresem a vlaszt.

At the beginning of the First World War already appeared on the battlefields trucks and passenger cars, tracked agricultural platforms with reinforced superstructure armor plates, mounted machine guns, cannons as combat vehicles. Their job was to support the infantry, the destruction of strongpoints, and the breakthrough extortion. Paralel to the early, heavy, slow, and woodenly terrain-motion tracked vehicles also needed good off-road ability armored wheeled vehicles. Several solutions served to improve the off road mobility. Like the increased number of powered axles (wheels), detached and reattached tracks have been added to the wheeled landing gear, and turned out the semi-tracked vehicles. In today's Army both wheeled and tracked armored vehicles can be found also. What could be the reason that the development of the two different structured vehicle-family is continuous? A wheeled or tracked vehicles have greater mobility? Which is more economical? Which design fits bettet to the requirements of modern wars? I try to find the answer for these questions in my study.

Kulcsszavak: kerk, lnctalp, mozgkonysg ~ wheel, track, mobility

 

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